Java Features

Monday, October 30, 2023

Java is an object-oriented programming language known for several key features:

Object Orientation:

Java adheres to the principles of object-oriented programming, including encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.

Type Safety:

Java enforces strict rules to ensure type safety, meaning you cannot use uninitialized variables and cannot perform incompatible type conversions without explicit casting.

Garbage Collection:

Java features a garbage collector that automatically handles memory cleanup, eliminating the need to worry about object destruction in your code.

Type Unification:

All data types in Java derive from the common class java.lang.Object. This makes it easier to manipulate objects uniformly in the language.


Although Java is generally considered a high-level language, it also provides features like using pointers through the unsafe feature in certain code regions, which can be useful when higher processing efficiency is required.


Java has its syntax, although it's similar to other languages like C++ in some aspects. Additionally, Java allows access to native libraries through JNI (Java Native Interface), providing compatibility with libraries written in C/C++.

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